No guarantee of rights

Same as last year


Ecuador is one of the 10 worst countries in the world for working people

  • Regressive laws
  • Police violence against strikers

In 2022, the government brutally cracked down on mass protests for democracy and collective rights, organised by Indigenous peoples’ organisations and trade unions. Police forces violently repressed protesters, arresting, killing and injuring many.

The very restrictive legal framework continued to hinder the development of independent and strong trade unions in the country and the authorities continued to impede the registration of trade unions in the private and the public sectors.

Workers' rights violations

Right to free speech and assembly

In May 2022, a national strike was called in Ecuador by the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Conaie), with the support of the Unitary Front of Workers (FUT), the National Union of Educators (UNE) and unions representing farmers, medical associations, retirees, public unions, educators, students and carriers, to demand respect for collective rights.

During the demonstrations, five people were killed by the police forces, which used deterrence weapons in a lethal manner and arrested dozens of participants. A significant number of the 132 detainees were charged with crimes such as sabotage, terrorism or resistance. In addition to the complaints of kidnapping, persecution and planning attacks against leaders of the demonstrations, the authorities resorted to media censorship and violation of the right to freedom of expression, blocking information, cutting off the internet and social networks, hacking personal email accounts and terminating mobile network service. The unions, including the Ecuadorian Confederation of Unitary Class Organizations of Workers (Cedocut), denounced the escalation of state violence and threats.

The government of Ecuador brutally cracked down on protests for democracy and repressed the development of independent trade unions, making it one of the worst countries for working people.Veronica Lombeida / AFP

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