United Arab Emirates


No guarantee of rights

Same as last year

Workers' rights violations

Workers excluded from labour protections

In the United Arab Emirates, foreign workers represented 89 per cent of the workforce. Under the kafala system, any attempt at escaping or fleeing an employer in the UAE was punishable by law. Runaway workers were imprisoned, deported, and faced significant financial costs, including paying back their employers for sponsorship fees without receiving salaries earned.

Workers’ rights in law

All countries