No guarantee of rights

Same as last year


Workers' rights violations

Right to trade union activities

On 14 December 2019, all trade unions and professional associations in Sudan were dissolved by a decree of the Sovereignty Council, which also seized all unions’ properties and assets. Since then and especially after the military coup in October 2021, independent unions have been unable to operate in the country.

Prosecution of union leaders for participating in strikes

In November 2021, nearly 100 teachers were arrested in Sudan as two days of civil disobedience and strikes in protest at the military coup began. Security forces used tear gas against workers protesting outside the education ministry building for Khartoum state. Many were beaten and at least one, a head teacher, had her leg broken.

Eighty-seven teachers were arrested and taken to the military headquarters after prosecutors refused to release them on bail.

In Neyala, the capital of South Darfur, unknown men in plain clothes raided teachers’ houses and arrested another five teachers, including Gamal Margan, who is in charge of the education of the shepherds. On 8 November 2021, military forces also stormed the Secondary Education Department in Karray in order to install a new, pro-military management.

Workers’ rights in law

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